CORE-JetFuel: European R&D landscape of renewable aviation fuels
In view of the rapidly developing R&D landscape focused on renewable aviation fuels, important questions arise: How do the technical, economic and environmental potentials of different pathways compare in the light of ambitious targets? And how do the current state of development and the associated R&D efforts relate to these potentials?
The EU-funded project CORE-JetFuel1 combines the strengths of partners from Spain, France and Germany in the pursuit of these questions. Specifically, the tasks of Bauhaus Luftfahrt are
- analysis of the European R&D landscape related to renewable aviation fuels, and
- assessment of the technical, economic and environmental performance potentials.
The complex landscape of R&D activities is best understood through the mapping of identified activities according to their general scope, such as knowledge creation, product development or a combination of both. The quadrant scheme shows if a portfolio of projects connected to a certain technology is well-balanced in terms of “basic” and “applied” efforts.
The technical, economic and environmental performance potentials of fuel production pathways are evaluated based on criteria such as life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions, production costs and the European production potential within a holistic multiple-criteria framework. A risk-reward analysis shows whether the overall risk is well-balanced and the expected R&D effort matches the potential benefit of the technology under consideration.
The project CORE-JetFuel will be completed in 2016. The results will support the European Commission in its dynamic and informed implementation of a coherent R&D strategy.
1The project CORE-JetFuel (COordinating REsearch and innovation of Jet and other sustainable aviation Fuel) receives funding from the European Union’s 7th Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement no. 605716.
- Stokes’ quadrant model: Two-dimensional mapping of R&D activities according to their knowledge- and/or product-oriented general scope overcomes the dichotomous understanding of “basic” versus “applied” research.
- Risk-reward analysis: The potential reward (here in terms of total greenhouse gas emissions reduction) of various technologies in relation to the current level of technical maturity, which is related to anticipated development risks