To promote technology diversity and accelerate the shift towards climate-neutral aviation, a broad technology spectrum is under exploration to enable a rapid, effective transition to renewable energy and maximise efficiency gains. Which technology mix will show the greatest leverage, largely depends on achievable production rates, especially for hydrogen technologies. Integrating and co-evolving cutting-edge advances in manufacturing, digital technologies, AI and materials is crucial to accelerate ramp-up and optimise efficiency.

Additionally, AI offers unprecedented opportunities for quickly enacting essential radical change in technology and operation – from advanced design optimisation, disparate technology integration and new concept exploration to contrail-avoiding aircraft rerouting.